The Kruger National Park boasts 16 macro ecozones and, due to its vastness, it naturally has a tremendous botanic diversity. The northern half of the park, north of the Olifants River is predominantly mopane veld, while south of the Olifants, the ecozones are thornveld.
South of the Sabie river, located slightly north of Skukuza in the Kruger National Park, consists of mixed bushwillow and acacia veld with numerous riverbeds running through it. An interesting feature of this area is the sodic open plains. These open areas with short grass attract high concentrations of wildlife. They are caused by sodium leaching out of the soil and accumulating in these areas.
Enthusiastic ecotourists can identify a variety of plant species in the Kruger National Park. Varying climatic conditions impact on the type of vegetation within an ecosystem and this, in turn, affects the distribution and population densities of various animals. The Kruger National Park has over 1,986 plant species, of which 336 are trees, including the Kruger National Park safaris Big 5: baobab, fever tree, knobthorn, marula, and mopane.